Illustrated Propagation: Monstera Deliciosa

This is not necessarily a typical post, but rather a visual accompaniment to my two posts about Monsteras and propagating them. I’ve been bombarded with questions from readers about where it cut, how to cut, and fret not, I have a video coming out soon all about propagation. But right now, I partnered with Annie Zyg Illustration to create the gorgeous number – a visual illustration of the Monstera Deliciosa.

Interested in a print for your home, garden or over your Monstera’s bed? Instagram or Facebook message me until we get our shop up and running! 8″ x 10″ prints are only $16 (shipped) and are ready to slip into your favorite frame.

How to Propagate:

Need a refresher on what to do? No problem, enjoy this annotated version of my propagation blog post – a basic review of where to cut step by step:

  1. Find a stem, making sure it includes at least two petioles with leaves.
  2. The segment must have an aerial root and node, the node allows the plant to be much more stable once planted, and will eventually grow into a root.
  3. Once cut, the stem from the mother plant will harden over. If there were any nodes or roots left on that stem, you’ll get more leaves from those nodes only. The actually cut piece of the stem will not root.
  4. Place in water (for additional help, see this set by step guide), and about 1-2 months, he’ll be ready to plant!
How to Propagate a Monstera

Monstera Q&A

And now, some of my most frequently asked questions about soil, anatomy, and how to contain these monsters:

Propagation without Nodes

Q: Hello! I live in Kauai and there are beautiful monsteras all over the island. There were too stems sort of loose so I grabbed those to take home in hopes they could grow some roots. But, if they are just the stems (no nub or aerial root) will that even be possible? -Emily

Anastasia: Hi Emily – you are too lucky to live in a place with wild monsteras! As far as getting them to root, the stems won’t be enough – they’ll need a node which turns into the roots. You may need to get another cutting. Those stems will look great in a vase though!

Soil or No Soil? Stakes or Steaks?

Q: Hi! Thank you for this guide! I have two questions: 1. Is it possible to plant a stem and node directly into soil, or is it better to start in water? 2. What type of stake do you recommend? Is a piece of wood good enough, or should it be a moss totem? -Catherine

A: Hi Catherine! To answer your questions:
1. I’d definitely suggest starting in water to get the initial root going. Not sure if you would have as much luck just putting them in soil.
2. I use these garden stakes since they’re strong and durable. Monty is about 5′ tall and I’m currently using 4-5 stakes to keep him upright. Plus I use them for all of my other large plants too. A moss totem would work, too, but you’ll have to keep it moist. Thanks for reading!

Time to Plant?

Q: Hi there! I have a Monstera cutting from months ago that I had kept in water. It has many many roots now! When is a good time for this leaf with roots to be planted into soil? Thanks!

A: Hi! If it has many roots that’s a sure sign! You can plant it any day at this point. Pick a nice planter that’s a tad bit bigger than the circumference of the root ball and use good quality indoor plant soil. It also helps if it’s summer and not fall or winter which is dormant season for plants – he’ll adjust to his new home better. 

Monsteras are Monsters

Q: I have an indoor monstera that looks like Monty. I’ve been reading that I should stake it but I would prefer to just keep it bushy rather than grow taller. Do I need to stake it or can I just prune to keep it under control? -Anna

A: Hi Anna, I’ve done both. Monty is very much growing horizontally and staking actually does encourage vertical growth, but pruning the awkward stems did help shape him a bit better last year. Typically I cut off any growth that won’t get sunlight, and turn those into new plants. I have about 4-5 stakes to keep Monty somewhat vertical and usually prune the unwieldy stems every spring. If you do decide to prune, wait until it’s warm, 70+ degrees or so, since he’ll be able to recover better. Hope that helps!

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  1. Hi there, I have a stem cutting about a thumb long (no leaves) with a node, can this be propagated in water? If not what’s the best way? Thank you!

    1. Hi Yen, Yes the water method will work. You can also just place it in soil but I find that in water is best. Cuttings without leaves take a bit of time to develop roots so patience is key!

  2. I bought a one node, one leaf Monstera deliciosa cutting online in September. It had a substantial amount of root rot. I enventually had to cut through the node to find healthy tissue. I put the cutting in Leca and it now has lots of roots. It is now the end of January. The leaf was also damaged but it is hanging on. I am wondering if I should just contine growing it in semi hydroponics and how long before I will see leaf growth.

    1. Hi Zee, You can plant it at this point, given there are lots of healthy roots. The thing about monsteras without leaves (or one or two of them) is they take a VERY long time to produce new ones. Personally, I would wait until another leaf sprouted while it is in water and then I would plant, but planting it now would be fine too. Good luck!

  3. I bought a one node, one leaf Monstera deliciosa cutting online in September. It was a substantial amount of root. I enventually had to cut through the node to find health tissue. I put the cutting in Leca and it has lots of roots. It is now the end of January. The leaf was also damaged but it is hanging on. I am wondering if I should just contine growing it in semi hydroponics and how long before I will see leaf growth.

  4. If I take a cutting of a monstera what happens the the mother plant? Will it grow more leaves or does it stop growing?

  5. Hi there! I love what you do here! I was wondering if you have any advise for when roofs have formed and it time to move it to soil.. should the node be buried or sit on top of the soil & how often/how much should I water my plant baby to give it the best chance!

    1. Hi Katie! If the node has turned into a root, it should be under the soil. Basically any long root type things should be under the soil. Keep the soil light and not too compacted – I like to mix it with a bit of orchid bark or perlite. Keep the new cutting in a warm spot in part sun and water once a week or so, you’ll want it dry out a bit. I urge you get a moisture meter (I have this one and love mine) so you can get a feel of its watering schedule. Good luck!

  6. Hi again! I recently left a comment but didn’t realize I had more to say haha! My monstera cutting currently has an aerial root and it’s already growing two new leafs. I’ve had the root growing in water for about two weeks and I’m not sure if the new leafs indicate the plant actually doing really well BUT I think this is good(?) I just wanted to know whether the areal root will be enough or if it will ever grow stable roots seeing as it has no node.

    1. Hi Dylan, yes, if there are new leaves that’s a good sign. That aerial root will eventually sprout white off shoots which are crucial for the survival of the plant – they’ll look like white fluff as they start out but will grow longer as time goes on. Also be sure to change the water the cutting is in every couple weeks or so.

  7. Hi! I just received a monstera plant from my teacher that knows I love plants but she gave me a stem with an aerial root and no node. Is it possible for the aerial root to grow roots and propagate like that?

  8. One leaf broke off and its stem is long. I put it into water but no root, only black on the bottom of the stem. I cut it off and tried it again but it turned black again. It is still alive in the water but how on earth do I get it to root?

  9. I have a monstera that is just one long vine (about 5 ft tall). If I take a cutting from the top, what will happen to the mama plant? Will it stop growing taller or will it send out side shoots? It seems like side shoots from that far up would make the whole plant unstable.

    1. Hi Sadie, is this a Monstera deliciosa? I’m wondering since delicosa isn’t viney per se, but other types like Monstera adansonii are. Either way, yes, it will start growing near the cut you made, but will not continue in the direct it was, so it will probably grow wider. If you want to change the shape of it completely so it’s not as lanky, you can safely cut a 5′ plant into a few pieces then combine then in one pot after they root for a more fuller appearance.

  10. I have acquired a variegated monstera cutting about an inch and a half long with 4 nodes. I have put directly into potting mix. Will it take?

    1. Hi Ali! It may if it has pre-existing strong roots, but if nodes are only present and there are no roots you should place it in water for a few months for proper root development. Keep it in a warm, bright spot until you see plenty of white roots form.

  11. Hi, I’ve purchased a badly damaged Monstera from a street vendor. Besides from physical damage, it looks like a healthy plant. Almost all the leaves are bent or torn. Can I reduce the whole plant into cuttings (with nodes) to make 10+ plants? The leaves are dinner plate size already now. How long will it take after we see roots will another leaf pop out?

    1. Hi Peter,
      Yes you definitely can eventually propagate, but I would wait until some new fresh leaves pop out. The plant is distressed from whatever previous conditions it was in so propagating now would not be wise. Also you can remove any bent leaves but torn leaves are fine to leave on, Monsteras pop out new leaves faster the more leaves it has. Good luck!

  12. Hi , can a rooted cutting still survive and put out new leaves if I were to cut off it’s only current leaf since it’s damaged?

    1. I would leave the damaged leaf. Young Monsteras take FOREVER to push out new roots on plants without any leaves, and their chance for survival seems to lower if no leave are present. I would just be sure to keep the cutting healthy and in a warm place with high humidity and let the leaf yellow and fall off naturally.

  13. Hi! Thank you for all the info 🙂
    A neighbor pulled a baby monstera from the roots for me. It has four to three leaves and a few inches of roots. Should I keep in water for a bit or is it better to put in soil.

  14. Hi 🙂 I have a monstera delisiosa or borsigiana verigata and it has one leaf and one node that now has a root system and has been in soil for a few months. It wasn’t a tip cutting so the petiole has already split. I was wondering if another node will appear to produce a new leaf or did I get ripped off? 😣

    1. Hi Maddie, it’s hard to tell without seeing a photo (which you can share with me on facebook) but it sounds like he should be fine as long as there are healthy roots. Leaf and petiole development will be slow at this young age, so be patient!

    1. Hi Nat! You can – the keep is to keep the new cuttings and original plant warm and in humidity, nothing below 70 degrees and in a sunny location. Propagation leaves plants a bit fragile. Good luck!

  15. Is it possible that a very old monstara has no nods, because it was cut back so much? I’ve been trying to get a cutting from this monstera for a while now but it doesn’t seem to have any nods?

    1. Hi Michelle, Hmm, that doesn’t seem possible since as they grow they pop out new nodes but they could be small. You can always cut a chunk off with a root if there are any aerial roots visible.

  16. Hi, i’m looking at a lot of videos and pictures and my plants dont look like the same. that the leaves of mine are so tall that the petiole break and the leaves drops. I read that when the leave “looks sad” it mean there is too much watering. At the same time the border of the leaf are a little wrinkled. Could I send you pictures for advices?

    1. Hi! Too much watering may be the case or underwatering. Typically leaves will turn yellow if they are overwatered, too. You can send photos to my facebook or Instagram (both links are in the footer) and I’ll take a look!

    1. Hi Liz, it is possible but the survival rate is not high. If you have a cutting without any petioles or leaves, you can amp of the chance of survival by placing the cutting in a makeshift greenhouse (putting a plastic bag over it to increase humidity) and placing it in a warm location. Bear in mind it seem to take forever for leaves to grow, but you should have some luck.

  17. Hi! I have a plant that is out of control!
    I put him in front of a window on my south facing indoor porch over the winter. He has very long roots on a lot of the stems! After cutting them, do I still need to put them in water, or can I go ahead and plant in pots?? Thank you for all your help and knowledge on these plants!

    Lara G.

    1. Hi Lara – how exciting! I would let any Monstera cutting sit in water for a bit before planting – they just seem to be happier and grow better that way. I’ve tried just planting in soil but they take a very long time to develop new leaves.

  18. Hello, I have a Monstera and a few leaves look like they are dieing! How do I care for the plant? Do I need to cut the dead leaves off? I don’t want it all to die!

    1. Oh no! Hopefully I can help, Leanne – how do the leaves look? Are they yellow? Yellow leaves usually means it is being overwatered and limp folded-in leaves means it needs water. Feel free to send photos to my Facebook page for more help.

  19. Great post! Do you have any advice for rooting a leafless node cutting? I’ve water propagated many plants but never one without a leaf and I currently have two I’m trying to revive.

    1. Hi Taylor! It is possible it just takes a very long time. You can still follow the same instructions I have for propagating a regular cutting, it just may take an extra month or two – you don’t want to plant the cutting until it produces a couple leaves.

  20. The node is about to go out. But i cutted it b4 it went out because i was excited to propagate. Will i still see roots ?

  21. Hello. I’ve just come across several cut monstera leaves in a flower shop and bought them. They don’t have nods unfortunately. Does it mean they will never root? Thanks so much. Eve

  22. Hey A! I moved my monstera plant in the dead of winter, and majority of the leaves died. I put the stems in water, and they’re rooting. Gonna prepare to plant them soon, but I’m wondering if newleaves will actually grow from them? I still have the nubs from the stems that I cut them from, in soil, and the nodes are also growing. Can I expect new leaves to form? Or should I just look for another plant?

    1. Hi Julie! Yes! He is definitely worth saving and you’ll definitely see new leaves form. Be patient as new leaves can take come time, but after the plants get established (3-4 months after planting) they pop out leaves quickly. It sounds like you still have nodes on the mother plants and you should see growth coming from those stems too. Because the plant was unwell, it will take time for everyone to grow and get healthy again. I hope that helps!

  23. Thank you so much for the amazing post! I’ve cut few stems from my mother plant. I put all my cuts in water for a couple of months and they made many roots out. I’ve put them in soil today. One of them only has an aerial root and one petiole. It actually had another attached stem with three petioles which I’d cut off to propagate. I wonder the stem without extra petioles and any node would ever be rich bushy like?

    1. Hi Lily – you’re welcome! Both will eventually get bushy as they grow and both should grow just fine. Cuttings look leggy and awkward for a while anytime you propagate from a mother plant, but they will improve. Providing support with a moss pole or stakes will definitely help keep them growing upright too.

  24. Hey, I have just received a monstera deliciosa variegata cutting in the mail and I have put it in water to root.
    -They riots are a bit brown and small line on one of the stems is black, I am just wondering if either of this is normal or if I should be worried
    -Also, the roots from the node already there are almost touching the side of the vase which is already quite big, will they grow fine alone or should I move them into a bigger container?

    1. Hi Hannah! I would definitely move the cutting to a larger container and the brown/black roots are fine and healthy. You would only need to worry if they started to shrivel. Good luck!

  25. I have taken a cutting when has a large aerial root but no node that I can see! (I can’t find one anywhere on the mother plant) will this be okay? I’ve placed it is a glass jar with water!

    1. Hi Rhianne, you should be just fine. As long as there is a root present, your Monstera cutting should grow a node while in water. I would keep it in water for a while, too, until more roots are obviously growing, probably about 3-4 months. Good luck!

  26. I have a propagated monstera that was given to me by a friend from her plant. It grew roots in water so I decided to plant it in soil recently. It even gave me a new petiole and leaf from the original one while it was in water. I didn’t know to look to see if there was an extra node in the cutting before I planted it. If I do not happen to have another node attached to my plant, would my plant ever grow to be larger than just two petioles?

  27. Hi. I want to cute and propagate my Monstera, however, the root is too long and has grown upward. Is it ok to cut it and just put it in water? Which means the water level will be middle of the petiole.

  28. How do I get my leaves to be thicker and not limp? I have started five new cuttings but the original plant leaves are limp and thin. I want my new cuttings to really thrive and fill in when I place them in the soil and not take after the original plant and be limp and look lifeless.

    1. Hi Samantha! Do your monsteras have enough sun or light? If the mother plant was unhealthy in any way, your cutting may end up being the same, which is why it’s important to only propagate from healthy plants. I would suggest planting the cuttings in a high quality, nutrient rich soil and placing in bright sun. This will help new growth grow stronger and the plant will produce thicker leaves as it grows and ages. I hope that helps!

  29. Thanks so much, I needed to hear that there’s a bit of hope. I just found a node half rotted and half alive with a bit of green that looked like it was going to be a new leaf! just placed in filter water as you suggested. Thanks again for sharing your words of wisdom!

  30. Warning: This is a sad story of how I killed my monstera! I had a beautiful monstera that over the summer months it got infested with tiny flies. I tried just about everything to get rid of them. In my efforts I removed the entire top layer about 2 inches deep of the soil and added brand new soil. I must have over watered it because I began to notice a bit of rot on one of the leaves and the texture was very flimsy. While trying to air dry it a bit more I’d set it outside for some cool warm and then bring it back indoors. Well one day I accidentally left it outside and the sun completely killed the majority of the leaves. I basically came home to charred brown leaves and dark black stems. I cried and before I toss it in the trash I’m thinking I should save the roots. Do you think by putting a large nice size root with absolutely no leaves on it will propagate? I have one stump/node without a leaf and a root on it in water now as well after reading your post. Any advice from here??

    1. Oh my Judith! This is a sad story. I think putting the roots in water is exactly the best move and will yield the best results if your Monstera were to grow back. Just make sure you use filtered water (nothing with chlorine) and change the water every few days. If the monstera survives, it may take a good amount of time for anything to grow, so be patient. If the roots start to rot or turn black that’s a bad sign. Good luck! And if there is ANY green leaves left right now keep them on, it will help.

  31. Thank you for sharing your wisdom and experience with this lovely plant. I have two that I propagated from a big one that was in my office before we moved. You do not mention how you trim or care for the aerial roots of the Monstera deliciosa. I saw a post on the Master Gardener website that when this plant is grown as a house plant, we can trim the brown aerial roots with no ill effects to the plant. How do you handle yours?

    1. Hi Michelle,
      Thanks for the kind words! I know you can trim the brown roots but I’ve never trimmed Monty’s; the only reason being I don’t see a need to. They’re not really in the way, and until he becomes very big and unruly, I probably will just leave them be. Hope that helps!